Saturday, June 5, 2010

The Dinka Noun: Singular and Plural

Like in other languages the noun in Dinka can be regular or irregular. Some that cannot be easily predicted, you just have to get used to;) The regular ones involve prolonging or shortening of a vowel sound (or leaving it the same except for a change in pronunciation). For non-Dinka learners, most of the Dinka alphabet are pronounced as Latin.

  • Regular Nouns:

Singular ------------------------------------------------------ Plural

Tim tree-------------------------------------------Tiim trees

Alath cloth-----------------------------------------Aläth clothes

Piny land/earth-----------------------------------Piiny lands

Thom guitar----------------------------------------Thoom guitars

Akɔɔn elephant-------------------------------------Akön elephants

Akɔl Day/Sun-------------------------------------Aköl days

Kɔmpiööta computer------------------------------Kɔmpiöötaai computers

  • Irregular Nouns:

Singular -----------------------------------------------------Plural

Raan person-------------------------------------------Kɔc persons/people

Dhuk/dhɔk boy---------------------------------------Dhuɔk/dhak boys

Nya girl------------------------------------------------Nyïïr girls

Weŋ/woŋ cow ---------------------------------------ɣɔk/wɛɛŋ cows/herds of cows

Adiit metal or iron-----------------------------------Adir metals

Tik woman--------------------------------------------Diäär/Diɔɔr women

Moc Man-----------------------------------------------Röör men

I will next look at the verb and how the nouns connect to each other...

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

What do you think of the discussion on Dinka nouns, singular and plural in Ladd, Remijsen, and Manyang? The title is On the Distinction between Regular and Irregular Inflectional Morphology: Evidence from Dinka. They say that Dinka has so many ways to go from singular to plural or plural to singular, that there is no default "regular" way.